My Neighbour, My Friend? The Rise and Demise of Local Civil Alliances in Ethnic War
Under what conditions do communities in ethnic wars form, and abide by, local non-aggression pacts? Studies of civilian victimization showed that pre-existing microlevel contention can generate violence, but lesser attention was given to the role of cordial relationships in constraining it. In this paper I argue that local actors will create inter-ethnic agreements in order to coordinate when there is high uncertainty over the local outcome of the war, and thus cooperatively lower it by providing mutual assurances. They will then abide by their commitment for mutual protection only while the uncertainty persists, since once one side knows it has the upper hand, the alliance will not be needed, and will be broken. I test my expectations using a variety of original quantitative and qualitative evidence from the First Jewish-Arab War (1947-9). The results strongly support my theory even when various statistical models and methods of causal inference are used and cases are examined in more focus.
Date: 16 June 2022, 13:00 (Thursday, 8th week, Trinity 2022)
Venue: Manor Road Building, Manor Road OX1 3UQ
Venue Details: Skills Lab (2nd floor) - and on Zoom
Speaker: Amiad Haran Diman (University of Oxford)
Organising department: Department of Politics and International Relations (DPIR)
Organisers: Musashi Harukawa (University of Oxford), Klaudia Wegschaider (University of Oxford), Marta Antonetti (University of Oxford), Nelson Ruiz (University of Oxford)
Host: Musashi Harukawa (University of Oxford)
Part of: Politics Research in Progress Seminar Series
Booking required?: Not required
Audience: Members of the University only
Editor: Klaudia Wegschaider