‘The Human Costs of the Civil Wars’

David J. Appleby and Andrew Hopper (eds), Battle-Scarred: Mortality, Medical Care and Military Welfare in the British Civil Wars (2018);

Mark Stoyle, ‘“Memories of the maimed”: the testimony of Charles I’s former soldiers, 1660–1730’, History, 88 (2003), 204–26;

David J. Appleby, ‘Unnecessary persons? Maimed soldiers and war widows in Essex, 1642-62’, Essex Archaeology and History, 32 (2001), 209–21;

Geoffrey L. Hudson, ‘Negotiating for blood money: war widows and the courts in seventeenth-century England’, in Jennifer Kermode and Garthine Walker (eds), Women, Crime and the Courts in Early Modern England (1994), 146–69;

Eric Gruber von Arni and Andrew Hopper, ‘Welfare for the Wounded’, History Today, 66 (2016), 17-23.