Psychiatrists’ experiences and opinions of generative artificial intelligence in mental healthcare: An online mixed methods survey
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Following the launch of ChatGPT in November 2022, interest in large language model (LLM)-powered chatbots has surged with increasing focus on the clinical potential of these tools. Missing from this discussion, however, are the perspectives of physicians. The current study aimed to explore psychiatrists’ experiences and opinions on this new generation of chatbots in mental health care. An online survey including both quantitative and qualitative responses was distributed to a non-probability sample of psychiatrists affiliated with the American Psychiatric Association. Findings revealed 44 % of psychiatrists had used OpenAI’s ChatGPT-3.5 and 33 % had used GPT-4.0 “to assist with answering clinical questions.” Administrative tasks were cited as a major benefit of these tools: 70 % somewhat agreed/agreed “documentation will be/is more efficient”. Three in four psychiatrists (75 %) somewhat agreed/agreed “the majority of their patients will consult these tools before first seeing a doctor”. Nine in ten somewhat agreed/agreed that clinicians need more support/training in understanding these tools. Open-ended responses reflected these opinions but respondents also expressed divergent opinions on the value of generative AI in clinical practice, including its impact on the future of the profession.
Date: 30 April 2024, 15:00 (Tuesday, 2nd week, Trinity 2024)
Speaker: Professor Charlotte Blease (Uppsala University (Sweden))
Organising department: Department of Psychiatry
Organiser: Dr Andrey Kormilitzin (University of Oxford)
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Host: Dr Andrey Kormilitzin (University of Oxford)
Part of: Artificial Intelligence for Mental Health Seminar Series
Booking required?: Not required
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Audience: Public
Editor: Andrey Kormilitzin